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The WTO Dispute Settlement System. Challenges of the Environment, Legitimacy and Fragmentation by Kati Kulovesi

The WTO Dispute Settlement System. Challenges of the Environment, Legitimacy and Fragmentation

By Kati Kulovesi


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Tensions between economic interests and environmental protection have assumed crisis proportions in awareness at every level of society. In particular, the World Trade Organization has become entangled in controversies related to legitimacy, democracy, environmental protection, and fragmentation of international law, fuelling a contentious debate on the use (or abuse) of environmental norms at the WTO. To a greater degree than any comparable treatment, this book focuses on the role of the WTO dispute settlement system in addressing trade-environment conflicts. Highlighting the ways in which environmental issues challenge the legitimacy of WTO jurisprudence, it considers such relevant core issues as the following:

  • challenges posed to the WTO by so-called ‘linkage’ issues, such as environmental protection, labour, and investment;
  • to what extent the WTO can apply rules of international law (e.g., environmental ones) that are not contained in the WTO agreements; and
  • concerns over the Dispute Settlement System’s lack of democratic accountability in matters of great public interest.
The study analyses in detail the role of international environmental law in three key WTO cases, namely the Shrimp-Turtle, Hormones and Biotech disputes. This deeply informed and thoughtful book is of special importance for its proposals on how the WTO dispute settlement system can improve its legitimacy while respecting the limits of its mandate. It will be welcomed by international trade attorneys, environmental lawyers, concerned academics and students, and government officials in both trade and environmental policy.

Last Updated 08/25/2011
Update Frequency As Needed
Product Line Kluwer Law International
ISBN 9789041134066
SKU 10059630-0001
Table of Contents

About the Author.

List of Abbreviations.

Preface and Acknowledgement.

Part I Introduction.

Part II Overview: The WTO, Legitimacy and the Environment.

Chapter 1 The WTO, Legitimacy and New Trends in International Law.

Chapter 2 The WTO and the Challenge of Environmental Linkages.

Chapter 3 Environmental Disputes in the WTO Dispute Settlement System.

Chapter 4 International Law in the WTO Dispute Settlement System.

Part III Analysis: The WTO Dispute Settlement System, Legitimacy and Fragmentation.

Chapter 5 Fragmented Landscapes: WTO Dispute Settlement System and International Environmental Law.

Chapter 6 The Other Dimension of Legitimacy: Why 'Importing' Substantive Legitimacy Is Not the Answer.

Chapter 7 The WTO Dispute Settlement System and Fragmentation of International Law: The Case of Climate Change.

Part IV Conclusions.




See what our clients are saying:

"Overall, this book would be of special interest and importance to lawyers practicing international trade and environmental law, governmental officials dealing with trade and environmental policy, as well as academics and students. It provide readers with valuable insights into the relations between the WTO dispute settlement system and international law in its present highly specialized and fragmented state."

by Dmytro Galagan in Association of International Arbitration Newsletter, November 2012