The Quest for Environmental Regulatory Integration in the European Union:IPPC, EIA, and Major Accident Prevention
Offering an in-depth study of the transposition and implementation of EC environmental directives in eight EU member states (Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom), the author who has played a significant role in the formulation of environmental legislation and regulation at both the national (German) and EU levels¿provides a stable base for an assessment of the benefits and costs of the integrated approach to environmental protection. Among the factors considered are the following:
- key features of national constitutional, administra¬tive, and judicial systems which provide the framework for environ¬mental regulations and their implementation in the eight countries under study;
- procedures and substantive requirements transposing the IPPC, EIA and Seveso II directives into national laws; and
- evaluation of national deficiencies and the extent of muddling through.
The empirical part of Dr Bohne's analysis draws on 138 expert interviews with public and private actors, a survey of 178 public authorities, and document analyses of selected industrial permits and environmental impact statements. His comparative analysis of procedural, organizational, and substantive integration makes it possible to identify and compare national accomplishments in regulatory integration, and offers new insights into the effectiveness and limits of EC law. The study concludes with a discussion of the implications of the findings for European governance and better regulation after the enlargement of the EU.
This thoroughly researched, rigorous, and insightful study will be of great interest and value to policymakers, regulators, business people, environmental NGOs, consultants, and lawyers, as well as to students of environmental policies and European governance.
|Product Line||Kluwer Law International|
About the author. Preface. Acknowledgements. Introduction. The need for better understanding national regulatory systems. Part One: Issues, concepts and methods. 1. Issues and research objectives. 2. Conceptual framework for comparative analysis. 3. Concepts of integration. 4. Research variables and index construction. 5. Methods. Part Two: National permitting and inspection systems for industrial installations in eight EU member states. 6. Overview of national regulatory system analyses. 7. Denmark. 8. France. 9. Germany. 10. Italy (with Sonja Bugdahn). 11. The Netherlands. 12. Spain (with Sonja Bugdahn.) 13. Sweden. 14. United Kingdom. Part Three: A comparative perspective on national permitting and inspection systems for industrial installations in eight EU member states. 15. Patterns of regulatory integration. 16. Key features of national permitting and inspection systems. 17. A network perspective on national permitting and inspection systems. 18. Muddling-through in environmental regulatory integration. Part Four: Appraisal. 19. Preserving the normative power of EC environmental law. 20. Course corrections. Annexes: I. Regulations of EU member states. II. Network analysis of national permitting and inspection systems. List of abbreviations. List of figures. List of tables. Bibliography. Index.