A generation ago, temporary work was practically outlawed. During the 1950s, the International Labour Organisation (ILO) clearly stated (in request to a question from the Swedish government) that temporary agency work was prohibited by ILO Convention 96 regarding fee-charging placement. Trade unions, of course, were in complete agreement, both because temporary work arrangements undermined the situation of permanent workers and deprived the temporary workers themselves of equal treatment guarantees. Yet persistent employers, always ready to find ways around this prohibition, have gone from strength to strength until today the role of private employment services is offered up to the public as that of an active link between employer and employee and an equal benefit to both. It is even defended as a force that effects the social integration of long-term unemployed, even of non-qualified or less-qualified workers. It is indeed along these lines that the proposed European directive on the working conditions of temporary workers justifies its requirement of Member States to discontinue any restrictions or prohibitions on temporary work for certain groups of workers, sectors or areas of economic activity.
But how justifiable is this idea of the generalized leasing of employees? How acceptable is it under both labour law and social justice considerations? Although these important questions have been asked repeatedly for many years, no answers acceptable to all parties have yet been found. Accordingly, in April 2003 a group of outstanding authorities- practitioners, ILO officials, academics, policymakers, jurists, and labour experts-met in Brussels to reconsider these issues in light of the ongoing discussion on the proposed directive and the major labour market developments which have taken place in many countries over the last few years. Among the considerations raised there (and recorded in this book) are the following:
These papers, reports and panels merit great attention because the matters they discuss will determine the way our labour markets-at national, European and international level-will function for years to come. No practitioner, policymaker, or academic in the field of employment and labour relations can afford to ignore this very significant book.
This volume contains reports given at the International Conference on Temporary Agency Work and the Information Society, held on 28-29 April 2003 at the Royal Flemish Academy, Brussels, and sponsored jointly by the Academy, the Euro-Japan Institute for Law and Business, and the Society for International and Social Cooperation.
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- TABLE OF CONTENTS Contents Notes on Contributors 1. Introductory Remarks: The evolving Attitude regarding Temporary Agency Work, Roger Blanpain General Reports 2. Challenges for Temporary Agency Work in the Information Society, Jan Denys 3. Public and private employment services: from co-existence to cooperation, Junko Nakayama and Alexander Samorodov National Reports 4. Belgium A. General Overview, Frank Hendrickx B. Putting Workers at the Disposal of a User, Chris Engels C. Basic Principles, Temporary Work Agencies and the of Social Partners, Willy van Eeckhoutte 5. England, Gillian Morris 6. France, Sabine Smith-Vidal 7. Germany, Manfred Weiss 8. Italy, Michele Colucci 9. Japan, Tadashi Hanami 10. Spain,Miguel C. Rodriguez Pinero Royo 11. Sweden, Birgitta Nyström 12. The Netherlands, Dieuwke Visser, Willem Plessen and Antoine Jacobs European Reports 13. EU Legislation on Temporary Work, Roger Blanpain 14. Temporary Work and Freedom of Services in the European Union, Ronnie Graham 15. Panel discussion: European Developments A. Report on negotiations of the European social partners towards an EU-wide collective agreement on temporary work, Wilfried Beirnaert B. Agency work in the European Union, Eva Casado Alarcon 16. Proposal for a Directive on Working Conditions for Temporary Workers (2002) 17. Amended Proposal on Working Conditions for Temporary Workers (2002) 18. Report on the Proposal for A European Parliament and Council directive on Working Conditions for Temporary Workers (2002) CONCLUDING REMARKS, Roger Blanpain