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Arbitrators as Lawmakers by BENTOLILA

Arbitrators as Lawmakers

By Dolores Bentolila


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International Arbitration Law Library Series Volume 43

Arbitrators as Lawmakers analyses how arbitrators make rules that guide, constrain, and define the process and substance of international arbitration. Arbitral lawmaking is an emerging topic with the existing literature not providing the needed analysis of legal theory and arbitral practice. This book aims to bridge the gap by explaining the three different stages of arbitral lawmaking – before, during, and after the rule is made: first stage is the situation of the arbitrator and the legal framework governing it; second stage is the process of lawmaking; and finally the third stage is when the consistent arbitral solution is launched to a wider public.

What’s in this book:

This book investigates and responds to the following questions:

  • What is the relationship between international arbitration and the law and courts of the seat?
  • What is the role of international tribunals in enforcing and controlling investment arbitration?
  • What is the scope of arbitrators’ freedom in decision-making?
  • What constraints limit arbitrators’ decision-making and contribute to consistency?
  • Is international arbitration capable of paying deference to past arbitral decisions?
  • Which rules have arbitrators created in procedural and substantive matters?
  • What is the role and status of consistent arbitral decisions?
  • Is there an arbitral legal system?

The answers to these questions are drawn from arbitral decisions made available to the public, clarifying important issues about jurisdiction, procedure, applicable law, interpretation of substantive rules and instruments, and remedies.

How this will help you:

Providing a thorough and multidisciplinary analysis of the actors, process, and outcome of arbitral lawmaking, this study shows how arbitrators create principles of law through consistent arbitral decision-making. As such, it is of immeasurable and lasting value to practitioners, scholars, arbitral institutions, and international organizations worldwide, for all of whom it will not only enable an understanding of arbitral decision-making and arbitrator-made rules but also foster transparency and accountability in the process of arbitral decision-making.

Pages 360
Last Updated 05/15/2017
Update Frequency As Needed
Product Line Kluwer Law International
ISBN 9789041183545
SKU 10058852-0001
Table of Contents

About the Author



List of Abbreviations

PART I The Actors of Arbitral Lawmaking

CHAPTER 1 The Autonomy of International Commercial Arbitration

CHAPTER 2 The Autonomy of International Investment Arbitration

PART II The Process of Arbitral Lawmaking

CHAPTER 3 Arbitrators’ Freedom in Arbitral Decision-Making

CHAPTER 4 Arbitrators’ Constraints in Arbitral Decision-Making

PART III The Product of Arbitral Lawmaking

CHAPTER 5 Consistent Arbitral Solutions

CHAPTER 6 The Status of Consistent Arbitral Solutions



Table of Cases, Treaties, Legislation, Rules and Guidelines