The TRIPS Regime of Antitrust and Undisclosed Information

The TRIPS Regime of Antitrust and Undisclosed Information by Nuno Pires de Carvalho

The TRIPS Regime of Antitrust and Undisclosed Information

By Nuno Pires de Carvalho
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Kluwer Law International
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In this brilliantly conceived and authoritative work the eminent intellectual property specialist Nuno Pires de Carvalho focuses on the mechanisms, obligations, and opportunities of trade secret protection under the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS). With the powerful knowledge base derived from his long experience both at the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), he illuminates the crucial relationship of antitrust and industrial property, clearly demonstrating – in contrast to much “received wisdom” – the intrinsic pro-competitive nature of intellectual property and of industrial property in particular. Using an extraordinary wealth of practical detail, and offering hundreds of pointed hypothetical and actual examples, Pires de Carvalho dispels the murkiness around such essential concepts and provisions as the following:the inevitable interdependence of industrial property and antitrust law;

  • abuses of patent rights and the vexed issue of patents and monopolies;
  • the legal implications of international exhaustion under Article 6;
  • the meaning of “balance of rights and obligations” under Article 7;
  • divestiture and the fruits doctrine under Article 32;
  • international cooperation in identifying antitrust violations in licensing agreements;
  • protection of confidential information in court proceedings;
  • protection of undisclosed test data against unfair commercial use under Article 39.3;
  • and the WTO Dispute Settlement Mechanism in the context of undisclosed information.

Of special value in this book is the author’s far-reaching analysis of the controversial emerging field of test data protection in industrial property.

The TRIPS Regime of Antitrust and Undisclosed Information provides a practical and insightful explanation of the meaning of the relevant TRIPS provisions, of how they should be reflected in national law and how courts are expected to enforce them. It combines an easy-to-follow article-by-article commentary on the TRIPS Agreement with a theoretical scholarly analysis that makes of it an invaluable resource to all those who wish to understand industrial property rights at a deeper level. Lawyers, judges, scholars and government officials will find an abundance of information and legal analysis here that will help them identify antitrust issues and solutions to problems of trade secrets posed by the implementation of the TRIPS Agreement.

ISBN: 9789041126436
Pages: 240
SKU: 9041126430
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Introductory Note: The Legal Structure and the Economic Nature of Intellectual Property.

The TRIPS Regime of Antitrust. Introduction.

General Provisions and Basic Principles.

Standards Concerning the Availability, Scope and Use of Intellectual Property Rights.


Licensing and Assignment.


Other Use Without Authorization of the Right Holder.


Control of Anti-Competitive Practices in Contractual Licences.

The TRIPS Regime of Undisclosed Information.

Protection of Undisclosed Information. Article 39.


Agreement and Declarations.






  • Authoritative analysis of the interdependence of antitrust law and industrial property by preeminent scholar in the field
  • First in-depth treatment of emerging international law of test data
  • Practical focus on implementation of relevant TRIPS obligations
  • Important new perspective on the legal and economic nature of intellectual property


  • Greatly enhance identification of antitrust violations that can be dealt with under TRIPS
  • Successfully defend and protect confidentiality of trade secrets
  • Challenge and/or avoid competitive practices that distort the operation of market forces
  • Gain insight into the WTO Dispute Settlement Mechanism in the context of undisclosed information