The State's Power to Tax in the Investment Arbitration of Energy Disputes
International Arbitration Law Library Series Volume 58
The State’s Power to Tax in the Investment Arbitration of Energy Disputes reviews and maps out existing case law pertaining to the treatment of tax measures in the context of energy disputes providing the first in-depth exploration of the intersection between the treaty investment protection regime and taxation measures. States today are expected not only to regulate the efficient and safe production and distribution of energy to end-users but also to incentivize increased production of energy and the transition to clean energy. In recent years, states are increasingly relying on taxation measures to address the economic challenges affecting the energy sector.
What’s in this book:
With the analysis of all known and pending cases under the Energy Charter Treaty (ECT), as well as non-ECT cases and bilateral investment treaties which have heavily influenced ECT jurisprudence, the author develops a deeply informed energy tax policy that greatly mitigates the points of tension in the current regime. He closely investigates the following elements of the subject:
- aligning the ECT Taxation Article with the taxation articles of other investment treaties;
- tracing current case law to the original arbitration decisions involving tax measures;
- extrapolating the interplay of taxation provisions with substantive standards of investment protection as reviewed by international arbitral tribunals;
- evaluating the outer limits of the state’s power to tax under investment treaties and public international law; and
- addressing how the Yukos arbitration case has changed the framework of taxation issues in investment arbitration.
In a clear and concise manner, the author reviews the rising number of tax-related investment arbitrations emerging not only from the ECT but also from the investment protection instruments that carry an impact on the energy sector providing the necessary framework to dissect any taxation chapter of an investment treaty.
How this will help you:
The book takes a giant step toward meeting the ECT’s mandate to promote long-term cooperation in the energy field with a set of defined objectives focusing on trade, cooperation, energy efficiency, and environmental protection. It will be of immeasurable value to states in developing new initiatives for the future so as to offer a useful instrument for states in drawing their taxation policy and investment incentives. Practitioners and academics with a focus on international arbitration will benefit from the book’s systematic approach that offers a rich inventory of existing and new questions that arise from the need for investment funds and the complex taxation provisions of investment protection treaties.
|Product Line||Kluwer Law International|
List of Abbreviations
List of Figures
List of Tables
The Energy Charter Treaty and Its Provisions on the State’s Power to Tax
Much Ado about Tax
The Taxation Article in the ECT and Other Select BITs
Case Law Review
Timeline of Uncontested Events in the Yukos Disputes
RES Timeline for Ecuador and Disputed Interests Triggered by the Respective Cases
RES Timeline for The Czech Republic
RES Timeline for Italy
RES Timeline for Spain
Deep Dive into the Spanish Cases
Summary Figures for ECT Cases
Table of Authorities