The Influence of IAS/IFRS on the CCTB, Tax Accounting, Disclosure and Corporate Law Accounting Concepts
Depending on the goals to be achieved, there are many ways to calculate a company's profits. This is to a great extent due to the different aims of financial and tax accounting.
Financial accounting is undergoing a growing influence of IAS/IFRS. IFRS is also exerting a growing influence on tax accounting. This is especially visible in the European development of a Common Consolidated Corporate Tax Base (CCCTB) for multinational corporate entities. Although no formal link exists between IAS/IFRS and CCCTB, IFRS will likely be a strong material influence on various key elements of the CCCTB. Many tax professionals (and Member States) fear the influence of IAS/IFRS on tax accounting mainly given the divergent aims of IAS/IFRS and tax accounting.
The introduction of IAS/IFRS will have significant consequences for tax accounting, disclosure and corporate law accounting concepts in individual Member States. Since IAS/IFRS is strongly influenced by the Anglo-American view on accounting, a question arises regarding its potential influence on the various continental disclosure, tax and financial accounting systems. In other words, one can readily envision a confrontation of systems with totally different backgrounds. This insightful work focuses on the consequences of this ‘clash of cultures’ for tax accounting, disclosure and corporate law accounting concepts.
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Preface, About the Authors and Editors, List of Abbreviations CHAPTER I The International Financial Reporting Standards Prof. Dr. Leo van der Tas and Prof. Dr. Peter van der Zanden 1. Introduction 2. Background to IFRS 3. Principles underlying IAS/IFRS 4. IFRS for non-listed companies 5. Concluding remarks CHAPTER II The Precious Relationship between IAS/IFRS, national tax accounting systems and the CCCTB Prof. Dr. Peter Essers and Dr. R. Russo 1. Introduction 2. The relationship between tax accounting and financial accounting 3.Future trends: more alignment between the different systems in Member States 4.Councils for Tax Accounting Issues in Member States 5. An interactive dynamic concept of fiscal profit 6. Threats and challenges to the CCCTB 7. Testing the concept of taking IAS/IFRS as a starting point for an interactive dynamic concept of fiscal profit for the CCCTB with respect to different categories of assets 8. Testing the concept of taking IAS/IFRS as a starting point for an interactive dynamic concept of fiscal profit for the CCCTB with respect to provisions and liabilities 9. General conclusions CHAPTER III Disclosure and accounting for issuers in between ‘federal’ EU securities law (and manadatory application of IFRS) and national corporate law accounting concepts Prof. Dr. Theo Raaijmakers and Pieter van der Schee LLM 1. Emerging securities regulation: introductory notes 2. The regulatory concepts and function of disclosure and ‘accounting’ 3 EU corporate accounting and disclosure rules (1st, 4th, 7th and 11th Directive) 4. Investor protection and market regulation in the perspective of securities law: the US and EU model 5. Issuers ‘annual financial report’ as market oriented disclosure confronted with ‘corporate accounting’ rules 6. Public oversight on annual financial accounts and reports 7. Private enforcement of securities law rules by investors and other interested parties EPILOGUE, Appendix A . Common Consolidated Tax Base Working Group – WP 57 – CCCTB: Possible elements of a technical outline Appendix B. International Accounting Standard IAS 16 (Revised 1998) Appendix C. International Accounting Standard IAS 17 (Revised 1997), Bibliography, Index