Science, Technology and Taxation
This first comprehensive study of the interaction between technology and taxation approaches the subject along four main avenues: insight and analysis gained from empirical legal studies conducted in the area of taxation; methods for improving the control and management of the tax function in business; tax auditing through statistical sampling; and changes in the fiscal environment as a result of technological capabilities.
Among the topics that arise are the following:
- what choices of sampling methodology exist;
- determination of both one-sided and two-sided confidence intervals;
- under what circumstances statistical sampling is acceptable as proof of underpayment and as a basis for penalties;
- the use of sampling agreements as a tool to improve taxpayers’ understanding of the process;
- complexities encountered by the introduction of technology in tax administration in developing countries;
- technological capability to detect economic activity in the informal sector;
- technological innovation as substitute for inadequate human capacity;
- improvements available to better monitor the movement and values of goods entering a country;
- safeguards to prevent unauthorized use of personal information;
- prioritizing resources to ensure that the key strategic objectives of the agency are being addressed;
- government defensive action and the threat to privacy; and
- capabilities and limitations of enterprise resource planning systems and tax engines.
Although the author pays especially detailed attention to the technologies developed and used by the United States Internal Revenue Service, other notable systems developed by the European Union, Brazil, Mexico, and China are also examined. Various sampling methods and practices are illustrated with numerical examples. As tax systems acquire ever higher levels of integration, and because accuracy is crucial to the measurement of tax compliance, the perspectives opened and expertly analyzed by the author will prove of great importance.
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List of Editors and Authors.
PART I Empirical Evaluation of Taxation.
Chapter 1 Empirical Legal Studies and Taxation in the United States.
PART II Statistical Science in Tax Auditing.
Chapter 2 Statistical Sampling in Tax Compliance Auditing in the USA.
Chapter 3 Legal Issues Surrounding Sampling.
PART III Technology Use in Government Tax Administration.
Chapter 4 Technology and Taxation in Developing Countries.
Chapter 5 Information Technology in the U.S. Tax Administration.
PART IV Technology Use in Tax Compliance and Tax Planning.
Chapter 7 Automation Technology in Special Customs Programs and Preferences.