Protecting Individuals Against the Negative Impact of Big Data: Potential and Limitations of the Privacy and Data Protection Law
About this book:
Protecting Individuals Against the Negative Impact of Big Data aims to provide a thorough analysis of big data and the possible negative impact it may have on individual rights and freedoms, how and to what extent EU privacy and data protection law may mitigate this negative impact, and which alternative legal solutions should be considered to provide an adequate level of protection of individual rights and freedoms in the context of big data. In the contemporary information society, organisations increasingly rely on the collection and analysis of large-scale data (popularly called ‘big data’) to make decisions. These processes, which take place largely beyond the individual’s knowledge, produce a cascade of effects that go beyond privacy and data protection. This work acknowledges the importance of the rights to privacy and data protection. By conceptualising big data as a process that consists of the acquisition and analysis of (personal) data and the application of the outcomes thereof, it finds that the potential consequences may also be particularly severe for personal autonomy, freedom of expression and non-discrimination.
What’s in this book:
Among the issues raised in the analysis are such vital elements as the following:
- what is meant by ‘big data’;
- ‘privacy’ according to the European Court of Human Rights and the Court of Justice of the European Union;
- what the European Union legal framework on privacy and data protection consists of and how it functions in the light of big data;
- what companies, governments and other organisations are permitted to do with big data under the current regulatory framework;
- the central importance of personal autonomy;
- circumstances that influence whether or not the right to privacy is triggered;
- big data’s possible impact on democracy through, inter alia, potentially limiting freedom of expression;
- how governmental or corporate surveillance chills the receiver’s gathering of information and ideas;
- selective offering of choices or information, or manipulation of people’s ideas;
- procedural aspects that influence the extrapolation of normative concepts of privacy and data protection; and
- how discrimination occurs in big data.
This book foregrounds critical scrutiny of commercial uses of big data – its scale, limited capacity for independent oversight and the expected prevalence of interference with individuals’ rights. The author’s conclusions explore possible legal alternatives to mitigate the negative impact of big data, using legal instruments, case law and legal academic literature in her analysis.
How this will help you:
The mapping of the different stages of the application of big data facilitates the legal analysis of data-driven decision-making and may help scholars working in this domain. Because the amount of digital data keeps growing and the private lives of individuals are increasingly taking place online – and because of the opacity of the big data process, the fundamental values that are at stake, and the speed of technological developments compared to the pace of legal reform – this comprehensive assessment of flaws in the current framework and possible practical solutions will be warmly welcomed by practitioners, policymakers and government officials in all legal fields related to privacy and data protection.
|Product Line||Kluwer Law International|
Big Data and the Fundamental Rights to Privacy and to Data Protection
Big Data and EU Data Protection Law
Potential Solutions and a Combined Approach
Table of Cases
Table of Legislation
Opinions, Reports, and Communications