Non-public Actors in Social Security Administration. A Comparative Study
Although it is well-known that administration of social security is a sensitive political issue, the great variety of this type of administration makes it difficult for researchers to seek meaningful patterns that can lead to useful knowledge. Fortunately, this book takes an important step in the approach to the problem. Its focus is on the role of non-public actors – primarily social partners (employers’ organizations and trade unions), employers, and private bodies (e.g., insurance companies and funds) – in determining the content, decision-making, and supervision of social security schemes. The editors asked a group of well-qualified researchers from countries of varying types of social security and welfare systems to describe and analyse the role of non-public actors in their national systems from a comparative point of view. The countries covered are
- the Netherlands,
- United Kingdom,
- Czech Republic,
- Spain, and;
- the United States.
Administration of benefits for old age, sickness and disability, unemployment, and health care is studied, with an overall interest in the relationships between the involvement of non-public actors, the state, and the insured or covered persons. The pattern that appears sheds new light on such elements as the following:
- factors that influence whether non-public actors have a role in the organization of a social security system
- at what level involvement of non-public actors takes place;
- prevailing views on, and experiences of, their roles;
- the impact of their roles (or lack thereof) on the system, in terms of distribution of responsibilities, participation of the insured and covered persons, and access to benefits;
- who pays for the scheme;
- who decides to whom the scheme applies; and
- who takes decisions on benefits in individual cases.
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List of Editors and Contributors.
List of Abbreviations.
Chapter 1. Why Is the Role of Non-Public Actors in the Administration of Social Security an Interesting Research Topic? T. Erhag, F. Pennings, S. Stendahl.
Chapter 2. The Role of Non-Public Actors in Social Security in Germany; F. Welti, H. Groskreutz.
Chapter 3. The Role of Non-Public Actors in French Social Security: The New Features of Solidarity; P. Martin.
Chapter 4. The Strong Position of Social Partners and the Gradual Polarization of the Finnish Social Security System; T. Kotkas.
Chapter 5. The Role of Non-Public Actors in Social Security in the Netherlands; F. Pennings.
Chapter 6. Public Responsibility and Private Action in Social Security: The Case of Denmark; S. Jørgensen, C. Jacqueson.
Chapter 7. Balancing Responsibilities between Public and Non-Public Actors in Swedish Social Security; T. Erhag, S. Stendahl.
Chapter 8. Welfare’s Mixed Economy in the UK: Public Rights and Private Actors; N. Harris.
Chapter 9. Non-Public Actors and Their Role in the Czech Republic; K. Koldinská.
Chapter 10. Non-Public Actors in the Spanish Social Security System; C. Sánchez-Rodas Navarro.
Chapter 11. Explaining the Lack of Non-Public Actors in the USA Social Insurance System; P.M. Secunda.
Chapter 12. Comparison of the Roles of Non-Public Actors and Conclusions; F. Pennings.