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Investing in EU Energy Security: Exploring the Regulatory Approach to Tomorrow's Electricity Production

By Henrik Bjørnebye


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Since the introduction a quarter-century ago of market-based investments in the production of electricity and other critical services, our awareness of the underlying issues affecting the supply and consumption of energy has changed radically. No longer can Europe (or any region) rely on over-capacity of electricity generation and inexpensive primary energy fuels, or disregard the signs of potentially catastrophic climate change. The author of this timely and sharply focused book shows that, in the light of our current knowledge, ensuring new investments – and the right investments – in electricity generation constitutes an urgent energy policy challenge facing the EU over the coming decades. He accordingly makes the case for a serious reconsideration of the market facilitation and market intervention rules under electricity market legislation in the EU. In the first detailed legal analysis of the EU’s internal electricity market framework for investments in electricity generation facilities from the perspective of security of supply, this book cover such legal issues as the following in precise detail:

• applicability of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU);

• security of supply as a ground for exemption on the basis of public security;

• justifications of public intervention;

• the applicability of EU State aid provisions to investments in energy security;

• requirements imposed by EU law on Member States for ensuring cost-efficient investments in European supply security;

• facilitation of renewable energy sources and cogeneration in the environmental interest;

• the Court of Justice’s approach to Member State interventions;

• the Court’s decisions on restrictions on free movement in the environmental interest;

• Member States’ right to launch tendering procedures for new generation capacity;

• Member States’ right to impose public service obligations in the general economic interest on certain undertakings; and

• relationship between the provisions of the TFEU and those of the Euratom Treaty in relation to investments in nuclear power generation.

Throughout the study, in addition to his analysis of the decisions of the Court of Justice and the Court of First Instance, the author takes into account legal literature and Union reports, preparatory works, and working papers. The book demonstrates convincingly that today’s energy supply challenges must be based on a broader balancing of security, competitiveness and sustainability interests. It suggests that the internal electricity market provisions of the Electricity Directive and the Security of Electricity Supply Directive would benefit from focusing more intensely on requiring investments in technologies and primary energy sources that will help mitigate climate change and reduce European energy import dependency, and less on the need for ensuring cost-efficient investments through market-based means. Through its detailed analysis of EU law in an area of great significance to both market participants and the public sector,Investing in EU Energy Security will be welcomed by legal advisors, whether working for the EU electricity industry or public agencies responsible for implementation of internal electricity market measures, as well as by academics in this hugely important field of current research.

Last Updated 08/27/2010
Update Frequency As Needed
Product Line Kluwer Law International
ISBN 9789041131188
SKU 10059297-0001
Table of Contents
Preface. Part I: Introduction. 1. On the Market-Based Path to Optimal Investments. Part II: Background: Investment Challenges and Regulatory Objectives. 2. Introduction. 3. The Internal Electricity Market at a Glance. 4. The Challenges of Energy Import Dependency and Climate Change. 5. The Market Challenges Involved in Attracting Adequate Investments. 6. Defining the Regulatory Objectives. Part III: The Treaty Context. 7. Introduction. 8. The Relationship between Security of Supply Objectives and the Fundamental Objectives of the TFEU. 9. Justification for Measures Restricting the Free Movement of Electricity. 10. Security of Supply Obligations in the General Economic Interest. 11. Establishment of the Internal Electricity Market. 12. Concluding Remarks. Part IV: Market Facilitation of Investments. 13. Introduction. 14. Defining Roles and Responsibilities in Electricity Generation Investment Decisions. 15. The Authorization Procedure for the Construction of New Electricity Generating Capacity. 16. The Facilitation of a Stable Investment Climate. 17. Concluding Remarks. Part V: Public Intervention. 18. Introduction. 19. Electricity Generation Tenders in the Security of Supply Interest. 20. Tenders in the Environmental Interest. 21. Electricity Generation Investments as a Service of General Economic Interest. 22. Exemptions from the Electricity Directive in the General Economic Interest. 23. Concluding Remarks. Part VI: State Aid to Electricity Generation Investments. 24. Introduction. 25. Overview of the TFEU State Aid Regime. 26. The Boundaries of Article 107(1) TFEU. 27. State Aid Declared Compatible with the Internal Market under Article 107(3) TFEU. 28. The Application of the TFEU to Investments in Coal and Nuclear Power. Part VII: Conclusion. 29. Towards Sustainable Energy Security Investments. References. Abbreviations. Index.