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Defend Trade Secrets Act of 2016 Handbook by Linda K. Stevens , Mark L. Krotoski , R. Mark Halligan , Peter J. Toren

Defend Trade Secrets Act of 2016 Handbook

By R. Mark Halligan, Mark L. Krotoski, Linda K. Stevens, Peter J. Toren
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Defend Trade Secrets Act of 2016 Handbook is a “must have” resource for anyone who needs to know how this new law will affect trade secrets litigation.  In one comprehensive volume it provides all the necessary analysis, primary source material and forms to jumpstart your knowledge of this new statute and its implications. 

The Defend Trade Secrets Act of 2016 (DTSA) has been touted as the biggest legal change in intellectual property law since the passage of the Lanham Act in 1948.  It creates a new federal cause of action for trade secret misappropriation.  Now for the first time, litigants can bring a cause of action in federal court without asserting diversity or concurrent jurisdiction. Written by four leading trade secret practitioners, the publication provides authoritative content so that you can confidently navigate the new legal landscape under the DTSA.

Defend Trade Secrets Act of 2016 Handbook covers every aspect of the new law, and most importantly not only intricately analyzes the DTSA, but puts it within the context of the existing law.   It begins with an overview of U.S. trade secrets law so that you get an understanding of how the law evolved and the how this new law relates to the current body of trade secrets law.  It then delves deeply into the Economic Espionage Act (EEA) and the most recent amendment to this statute, the DTSA. The analysis continues by covering the Uniform Trade Secrets Act and its nexus to the DTSA and EEA.  The book then goes on to provide detailed coverage of every aspect of the DTSA and litigation under the new act – from the definition of a trade secret to the new ex parte seizure order (how to obtain the court order, the court hearing, damages for wrongful and excessive seizure, and more).  It also covers remedies under the DTSA, immunity for whistleblowers and litigants, defenses to civil claims under the EEA and other important litigation issues, such as determining where to sue, possible causes of action, discovery issues, criminal remedies and RICO predicate offenses.  The appendices contain helpful sample forms and checklists, a table of Section 1832 cases under the EEA dealing with the theft secrets from its enactment in 1996 through 2015. Also included is the text of all of the relevant statutes and legislative history of the DTSA so that legal practitioners have all the necessary resources at their fingertips.  

Defend Trade Secrets Act of 2016 Handbook provides you with the following:

  • A detailed analysis of the evolution of U.S. trade secret law which will in the understanding of this new law
  • What you need to know about protecting trade secrets during litigation pre and post DTSA
  • Crucial distinctions in litigating under the UTSA and DTSA
  • A section-by-section analysis of the DTSA to provide the essential guidance you need in determining your litigation strategy
  • The sixth essential phases in obtaining an ex parte seizure order under the DTSA
  • How to obtain injunctive relief under the DTSA
  • The types of damages available under the DTSA and how to asses and prove them
  • Which activities receive immunity and which activities do not under the DTSA
  • The impact of the DTSA on employers and what essential steps they need to take in light of this new law
  • How to mount a swift and effective defense in a civil EEA case
  • Strategic considerations regarding the inclusion of other claims in a litigation brought under the DTSA
  • Sample forms and checklists to aid the practitioner in preparing attorney work product

Note: Online subscriptions are for three-month periods.

Publish Frequency Annually
Product Line Wolters Kluwer Legal & Regulatory U.S.
SKU 000000000010066295
Table of Contents

Chapter 1.  Overview of U.S. Trade Secrets Law - R. Mark Halligan

  • 1.01  Historical Development of Trade Secrets              
  • 1.02  Restatement of the Law of Torts: Section 757 (1939)
  • 1.03  The Uniform Trade Secrets Act (1979)
  • 1.04  U.S. Supreme Court Decisions
    • [A]  Kewanee Oil Co. v. Bicron Corp.  (1974)
    • [B]  Aronson v. Quick Point Pencil (1979)
    • [C]  Ruckelshaus v. Monsanto (1984)
    • [D]  Bonito Boats, Inc. v. Thunder Craft Boats, Inc. (1989)
  • 1.05  Restatement (Third) of Unfair Competition (1995)           
  • 1.06  The Economic Espionage Act of 1996      
    • [A]  Section 1831:  Economic Espionage
    • [B]  Section 1832:  Theft of Trade Secrets     
    • [C]  Section 1839: Four Definitions in the EEA
    • [D]  The Definition of a Trade Secret in the EEA is derived from the UTSA      
    • [E]  No Federal Civil Cause of Action in EEA
    • [F]  Section 1833: Exceptions to Prohibitions
    • [G]  Section 1834: Criminal Forfeiture
    • [H]  Section 1835: Orders to Preserve Confidentiality
    • [I]  Section 1836: Civil Proceedings to Enjoin Violations
    • [J]  Section 1837: Applicability to Conduct Outside the United States
    • [K]  Section 1838: No Preemption               
  • 1.07  The Theft of Trade Secrets Clarification Act
    • [A]  United States v. Aleynikov
    • [B]  Amendment of Interstate Commerce Requirement
  • 1.08  The Foreign and Economic Espionage Penalty Enhancement Act of 2012
  • 1.09  The Defend Trade Secrets Act
    • [A]  The Genesis of the New Federal Trade Secrets Statute
    • [B]  114th Congress: Two Proposed Amendments to the EEA
    • [C]  Senate Judiciary Committee:  Defend Trade Secrets Act of 2016
    • [D]  The Senate/House Judiciary Committees: 2016
    • [E]  The DTSA Becomes Law on May 11, 2016

Chapter 2. Economic Espionage Act of 1996 - Mark L. Krotoski, Peter J. Toren

  •  2.01  Economic Espionage Act of 1996
    • [A]  Introduction
    • [B]  History            
  •  2.02  Analysis of the EEA
    • [A]  Elements Overview   
    • [B]  Elements Common to 18 U.S.C. §§ 1831 and 1832
    • [C]  Additional § 1831 Element – Intent to Benefit a Foreign Government
    • [D]  Additional § 1832 Elements
    • [E]  Defenses
    • [F]  Other Provisions
  •  2.03  Protecting Trade Secrets During Litigation
    • [A]  Pre-DTSA
    • [B]  DTSA Amendment to Section 1835
  •  2.04  Criminal Penalties
    • [A]  Maximum Statutory Penalties
    • [B]  U.S. Sentencing Guidelines 
    • [C]  Forfeiture
    • [D]  Restitution
  •  2.05  Government Prosecutions Under the EEA

Chapter 3. Uniform Trade Secrets Act - R. Mark Halligan

  •  3.01  Introduction
  •  3.02  UTSA
    • [A]  Section 1. Definitions.
    • [B]  “Trade Secret” and “Misappropriation”
    • [C]  Section 2. Injunctive Relief.        
    • [D]  Section 3. Damages.
    • [E]  Section 4.  Attorney’s Fees.
    • [F]  Section 5.  Preservation of Secrecy.
    • [G]  Section 6.  Statute of Limitations.
    • [H]  Section 7.  Effect on Other State Law.
    • [I]  Section 8. Uniformity of Application and Construction

Chapter 4 Analysis of The Defend Trade Secrets Act (“DTSA”) - Peter J. Toren, R. Mark Halligan

  • 4.01  Introduction
  • 4.02  Need for Legislative Reform 
  • 4.03  Section-by-Section Analysis
    • [A]  Federal Jurisdiction for Theft of Trade Secrets
    • [B]  Definition of a Trade Secret
    • [C]  Ownership
    • [D]  Elements
    • [E]  Presenting Lay and/or Expert Testimony
    • [F]  Identifying the Trade Secret
    • [G]  Defenses
    • [H]  Whistleblower Immunity
    • [I]  Rights of Trade Secret Owners
    • [J]  Preemption
    • [K]  Misappropriation
    • [L]  Remedies
    • [M] Extra-Territorial Application

Chapter 5. New Ex Parte Seizure Order - Mark L. Krotoski

  • 5.01  Overview
  • 5.02  Comparable Statutory Civil Seizure Orders for Other Intellectual Property Rights
  • 5.03  Other Avenues for Obtaining or Enjoining Trade Secrets
  • 5.04  Overview of Process to Obtain an Ex Parte Civil Seizure Order
    • [A]  First Phase:  Ex Parte Application
    • [B]  Second Phase:  Civil Seizure Order Elements 
    • [C]  Third Phase:  Execution of the Civil Seizure Order
    • [D]  Fourth Phase:  Safeguarding the Seized Trade Secret Materials
    • [E]  Fifth Phase:  Post-Seizure Hearing
    • [F]  Sixth Phase:  Proceedings for an Unwarranted or Excessive Seizure Order
  • 5.05  Report on Best Practices on the Seizure and Securing of Seized Information and Media
    • [A]  Two Areas of Focus
    • [B]  Federal Judicial Center

Chapter 6. Remedies - R. Mark Halligan

  • 6.01  Introduction
  • 6.02  Injunctions
    • [A]  Threatened Misappropriation
    • [B]  Actual Misappropriation
    • [C]  Improper Means
    • [D]  Affirmative Actions to Protect Trade Secret
    • [E]  In Exceptional Circumstances:  Reasonable Royalty
  • 6.03  Damages 
    • [A]  Actual Loss and Unjust Enrichment
    • [B]  Reasonable Royalty
  • 6.04  Exemplary Damages      
  • 6.05  Attorney’s Fees

Chapter  7. Immunity for Whistleblowers and Litigants - Linda K. Stevens

  • 7.01  A Balancing Act: Trade Secret Protection vs. The Need to Protect Whistleblowers 
  • 7.02  The DTSA’s Immunity Provisions
    • [A]  What Activities Receive “Immunity”
    • [B]  What Activities Do Not Receive “Immunity”
    • [C]  The Limits of “Immunity”
  • 7.03  Trade Secrets May be Used and Disclosed in Anti-Retaliation Lawsuits
  • 7.04  Impact on Employers
    • [A]  The Need to Update All Non-Disclosure Agreements
    • [B]  The Risk Posed by Filings Under Seal      

Chapter  8. Defenses to Civil Claims under the EEA - Linda K. Stevens

  • 8.01  Strategic Defense of a Trade Secrets Case             
  • 8.02  Legal Defenses to Trade Secret Misappropriation
    • [A]  Proper Acquisition
    • [B]  “Readily Ascertainable”
    • [C]  Lack of “Reasonable Measures”
    • [D]  A General Listing of Possible Affirmative Defenses

Chapter  9. Other Litigation Issues - Linda K. Stevens

  • 9.01  Where to Sue:  State v. Federal Court?
  • 9.02  Which Federal Forum?                  
  • 9.03  Who Can Bring Suit & Who Can Be Sued?
    • [A]  Possible Plaintiffs
    • [B]  Possible Defendants
  • 9.04  Whom to Represent?
  • 9.05  When to Sue?  
  • 9.06  Other Possible Causes of Action
    • [A]  Other Possible Federal Claims
    • [B]  Possible State Law Claims
    • [C]  Strategic Considerations Regarding Inclusion of Other Claims
  • 9.07  Identification of the Alleged Trade Secret
  • 9.08   Protection of the Alleged Trade Secret During the Litigation Process
    • [A]  DTSA Provisions Protecting Alleged Secrets
    • [B]  Protective Orders
  • 9.09  Protection from Publicity
  • 9.10  What State’s Law Applies?
  • 9.11  Will Irreparable Harm Be Presumed?


Sample Practice Forms and Finding Aids

  • Appendix A - Pre-filing Investigation Checklists
    • A-1  Potential Trade Secrets
    • A-2  Trade Secret Security Measures
    • A-3  FBI Warning Signs and Best Practices
  • Appendix B - Sample Nondisclosure Agreement
  • Appendix C - Draft Motion for Temporary Restraining Order/Preliminary Injunction
  • Appendix D - Ex Parte Seizure Checklist
  • Appendix E - Emergency Application for Ex Parte Seizure Order Pursuant to Section 18.U.S.C. Section 1836(b)(2) and Memorandum in Support
  • Appendix F - Court Order Granting an Ex Parte Seizure Application
  • Appendix G - Model Protective Order
  • Appendix H - Sample Jury Instructions
  • Appendix I - Table of Section 1832 Cases (1996-2015)

Statutes and Congressional Reports

  • Appendix J - Uniform Trade Secrets Act with 1985 Amendments
  • Appendix K - Economic Espionage Act of 1996
  • Appendix L - Defend Trade Secrets Act of 2016
  • Appendix M - Defend Trade Secrets Act of 2016 House Report 114-529 (with Amendments to the EEA of 1996)
  • Appendix N - Defend Trade Secrets Act of 2016 Senate Report 114-220
  • Appendix O - Economic Espionage Act of 1996 House Report 104-788
  • Appendix P - The Industrial Espionage Act of 1996 Senate Report 104-359