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Cross-Border Taxation of Permanent Establishments: An International Comparison by WALTRICH

Cross-Border Taxation of Permanent Establishments: An International Comparison

By Andreas Waltrich


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Series on International Taxation Volume 59

Cross-Border Taxation of Permanent Establishments illustrates and compares the OECD Model Tax Convention with country-specific source taxation rules. The permanent establishment (PE) is a legal form of cross-border direct investment whereby a business presence is maintained as an integral part of the foreign investor. Due to the growing intensity and complexity of international business relations, the PE definition and the allocation of profits to head units and PEs have become highly contentious, especially from the perspectives of the major emerging economies of the BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India, and China) countries. Unsurprisingly, the potential for tax avoidance and the scrutiny of tax authorities have increased enormously. Against this background, this work emphasizes the taxable implications of the various rules upon country-specific PE concepts focusing on possible tax system changes and offering reform proposals.

What’s in this book:

The book’s analysis covers such issues and topics as the following:

  • the PE definition of the OECD MC and from the perspective of selected countries;
  • allocation of business profits under the Authorised OECD Approach (AOA);
  • avoidance of PE status;
  • implementation of a service PE proposal;
  • construction site PEs established by subcontractors;
  • existence of an agency PE; and
  • the OECD project on Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS).

The author uses simulated cross-border national and treaty cases to highlight qualification conflicts, thus reinforcing his detailed discussion of source taxation rules of business profits and relevant case law in Germany, the United States, and the BRIC states. This book discusses qualification conflicts of PE taxation in cross-border cases and analyses risks of double and non-taxation and increasing complexity. There is also a checklist detailing how companies can avoid unintentionally setting up a PE.

How this will help you:

The author’s deeply informed proposals provide much-needed guidance in tax criteria and open the way to greater feasibility and transparency in PE taxation. As the definition of PEs has become more extensive and the treatment of profit allocation has become more complex, the clarification of the PE concept presented in this book is of inestimable importance for lawyers, officials, policymakers, and academics concerned with international business taxation in any jurisdiction.

Pages 360
Last Updated 07/22/2016
Update Frequency As Needed
Product Line Kluwer Law International
ISBN 9789041168320
SKU 10058977-0001
Table of Contents

About the Author.


List of Figures.

List of Tables.

List of Abbreviations.

List of Abbreviations of Countries.


Chapter 1: Introduction.

Chapter 2: Fundamentals and Objective.

Chapter 3: Source Taxation of Business Profits according to the OECD Model.

Chapter 4: Source Taxation of Business Profits from a National Point of View of Germany, the US and the BRIC States.

Chapter 5: Cross-Country Analysis of the OECD and National PE Concepts and the Rules on the Attribution of Business Income.

Chapter 6: Reform Proposals with regard to the PE Definition and the Attribution of Business Profits.

Chapter 7: Final Conclusion in the Form of Theses.


Appendix I: Supplementary Tables.

Appendix II: PE Questionnaire.