Store International Copyright, Limitations and the Three-Step Test
Copyright, Limitations and the Three-Step Test

Copyright, Limitations and the Three-Step Test

By Martin Senftleben


Available: Ships in 3-5 Business Days
This product is available for the standing order program.
Add to Cart
* For general delivery times, please see our Shipping Policy
The three-step test - by which limitations on exclusive copyrights are confined to 'certain special cases' which do not conflict with a 'normal exploitation of the work' and do not 'unreasonably prejudice the legitimate interests of the author'- is among the most enduring of standards affecting limitations on intellectual property rights. Its field of application is the delicate balance between exclusive rights and sufficient breathing space for the free flow of ideas and information. However, the emerging information society has thrown numerous unforeseen obstacles in the once-clear path of its implementation. Can the traditional balance between grants and reservations of copyright law be recalibrated along the lines of the three-step test in order to meet current and future needs? Controversies over this crucial question - in Europe, the U.S., Australia, and elsewhere, as well as in two significant WTO panels in 2002 - have brought the three-step test into focus, the essential principle governing copyright limitations in the information society. Investigating the development, structure, and function of the three-step test in international copyright law with thoroughness and precision, Copyright, Limitations and the Three-Step Test offers a close and insightful analysis of its continuing utility for the twenty-first century. The book includes:

  • viable restatements of the rationales of copyright protection for the emerging IP environment;
  • new insights into the relationship between copyright protection and copyright limitations;
  • in-depth explanation of the structure and functioning of the three-step test;
  • detailed interpretations of each criterion of the test;
  • discussion of the two WTO panel reports dealing with the test;
  • a proposal for the further improvement of the copyright system and the international rules governing copyright law;
  • detailed information about international conference material concerning the test; and
  • discussion of potential future trends in copyright law.

The author provides many examples that demonstrate the test's impact on different types of limitations, such as private use privileges and the U.S. fair use doctrine. He explains the test's role in the European Copyright Directive. The detailed examination and explanation of the three-step test will be of extraordinary value to policymakers, judges, and lawyers in the field of intellectual property law seeking to react adequately to the challenges of the digital environment.

Resources DM Piece
Last Updated 02/24/2004
Update Frequency As Needed
Product Line Kluwer Law International
ISBN 9789041122674
SKU 10057531-0001
Table of Contents

Foreword, Contents, List of Abbreviations CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION CHAPTER 2: THE THREE-STEP TEST WITHIN THE COPYRIGHT SYSTEM 2.1 Rationales of Copyright Protection 2.2 Justifications for Copyright Limitations 2.3 Copyright's Delicate Balance CHAPTER 3: THE CONTEXTUAL BACKGROUND TO THE THREE-STEP TEST 3.1 The Berne Convention 3.2 The TRIPS Agreement 3.3 The WIPO 'Internet' Treaties CHAPTER 4: THE INTERPRETATION OF THE THREE CRITERIA 4.1 Principles of Interpretation 4.2 Two Different Functions 4.3 The System of the Three Criteria 4.4 Certain Special Cases 4.5 Conflict with a Normal Exploitation 4.6 Unreasonable Prejudice to Legitimate Interests CHAPTER 5: THE THREE-STEP TEST IN THE EUROPEAN COPYRIGHT DIRECTIVE 5.1 The Contextual Background 5.2 The Function of Article 5(5) CD 5.3 The Impact on the List of Permissible Limitations 5.4 The Addressees of Article 5(5) CD CHAPTER 6: SUMMARY CHAPTER 7: CONCLUSION 7.1 Aligning Copyright Law with the Users among Authors 7.2 Restructuring International Copyright Law, Bibliography, Index, About the Author