Copyright, Limitations and the Three-Step Test
- viable restatements of the rationales of copyright protection for the emerging IP environment;
- new insights into the relationship between copyright protection and copyright limitations;
- in-depth explanation of the structure and functioning of the three-step test;
- detailed interpretations of each criterion of the test;
- discussion of the two WTO panel reports dealing with the test;
- a proposal for the further improvement of the copyright system and the international rules governing copyright law;
- detailed information about international conference material concerning the test; and
- discussion of potential future trends in copyright law.
The author provides many examples that demonstrate the test's impact on different types of limitations, such as private use privileges and the U.S. fair use doctrine. He explains the test's role in the European Copyright Directive. The detailed examination and explanation of the three-step test will be of extraordinary value to policymakers, judges, and lawyers in the field of intellectual property law seeking to react adequately to the challenges of the digital environment.
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Foreword, Contents, List of Abbreviations CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION CHAPTER 2: THE THREE-STEP TEST WITHIN THE COPYRIGHT SYSTEM 2.1 Rationales of Copyright Protection 2.2 Justifications for Copyright Limitations 2.3 Copyright's Delicate Balance CHAPTER 3: THE CONTEXTUAL BACKGROUND TO THE THREE-STEP TEST 3.1 The Berne Convention 3.2 The TRIPS Agreement 3.3 The WIPO 'Internet' Treaties CHAPTER 4: THE INTERPRETATION OF THE THREE CRITERIA 4.1 Principles of Interpretation 4.2 Two Different Functions 4.3 The System of the Three Criteria 4.4 Certain Special Cases 4.5 Conflict with a Normal Exploitation 4.6 Unreasonable Prejudice to Legitimate Interests CHAPTER 5: THE THREE-STEP TEST IN THE EUROPEAN COPYRIGHT DIRECTIVE 5.1 The Contextual Background 5.2 The Function of Article 5(5) CD 5.3 The Impact on the List of Permissible Limitations 5.4 The Addressees of Article 5(5) CD CHAPTER 6: SUMMARY CHAPTER 7: CONCLUSION 7.1 Aligning Copyright Law with the Users among Authors 7.2 Restructuring International Copyright Law, Bibliography, Index, About the Author