International Competition Law Series Volume 65
Competition and Intellectual Property Law in the Pharmaceutical Sector deals with the apparent contradiction between intellectual property (IP) rights (particularly patents) and competition law, with a focus on the pharmaceutical sector: in its aim to promote innovation and long-term competition, the patent system in fact provides a temporary right to exclude. The book explores the possibility of adjusting patent policies to better account for the trade-off between static and dynamic welfare and minimize the risks of anticompetitive behaviour, which happens with the misuse of patents. This book, the first to deal with this issue on a global basis, tackles the clashes of case law by Courts and antitrust enforcement by competition authorities that undermine the predictability of solutions to this problem and increase the risk of fundamental rights violations and excessive transitional costs for enterprises.
Examining the approaches to competition and IP regulation in fourteen leading jurisdictions, the analysis provides a comparative perspective on recent relevant regulations and case law in the pharmaceutical sector. Thirty-one contributions by internationally known experts in both fields – judges in specialized courts, chairmen and board members of national competition authorities, and well-known scholars and practitioners – focus on the salient topics and on the interplay between patent law and competition law, with an insight into the human rights issues that arise.
What’s in this book:
Among the topics covered are the following:
- balancing the human right to health with competition law and IP law;
- patent lifecycle strategies;
- reverse payment settlements;
- abusive litigation;
- damages for patents and antitrust infringements;
- co-marketing and co-promotion agreements; and
- the role of the Unified Patent Court.
The jurisdictions covered are Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, Greece, India, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Russia, South Africa, the United Kingdom, and the United States.
The book’s ultimate and challenging proposal identifies the pharmaceutical sector as a starting point for reshaping a more procompetitive and harmonized system of regulation. Comparing different systems, the book takes the first step in moving towards a more levelled regulation in the pharmaceutical field. It helps in reducing the lack of uniformity among different legal systems and the clashes of jurisprudence in Court decisions that undermine the predictability of solutions in arising conflicts and increase the risk of violation of Fundamental Rights for individuals and the transitional costs for enterprises. It focuses on IP and competition law related issues and on the interplay between Patent Law and Antitrust Law and Human Rights in the field.
How this will help you:
As a detailed comparative analysis that clarifies current trends worldwide in regulation and jurisprudence at the crossroads between IP and competition law, the book suggests new ground for steps forward in an essential area for modern economies. In its dedication to striking the right balance between static (short-term) and dynamic (long-term) efficiency, and thus opening the way to a more balanced approach and a higher standard of harmonization in the pharmaceutical sector, this book has no peers. It will be of great value to lawyers, economists, and policymakers in both fields of IP and competition law.
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Part I. Pharmaceutical Patents and Competition Issues
Chapter 1. The Perspective of Economics
The Economics of Competition Law and of Pharmaceutical Patents Avantika Chowdhury & Alexander Gaigl
The Procompetitive and Anticompetitive Impact of Patent Settlements Ginevra Bruzzone & Sara Capozzi
Originators versus Originators: Competition before the Market and Market Power beyond Dominance Andrea Pezzoli
Damages for Patent Infringements: The Interplay of Legal and Economic Perspectives in the Main European Jurisdictions Luigi Prosperetti
Chapter 2. The Perspective of Law
Balancing the Human Right to Health with the Competition Law and the Intellectual Property Regime Beniamino Caravita di Toritto
The Dangers of Settling Patent Litigation Ian S. Forrester
Life-Cycle Management Strategies in the Pharmaceutical Patent Sector Giovanni Pitruzzella
Pharmaceutical Patents: Competition Law Goes Too Far Robin Jacob
What Is in a Name: The Concept of Abuse in Sui Generis Abuse Cristoforo Osti
Abuse of litigation, Abuse of Patent and Abuse of Dominance: Where Do We Stand? Gabriella Muscolo
Reverse Settlements in the European Union and the United States Damien Geradin, Douglas H. Ginsburg & Graham Safty
Co-marketing and Co-promotion Agreements Enrico Adriano Raffaelli
The New Unified European Patent Court and a New Patent Law: When a KU is Not a KU Mario Franzosi
Part II. What Is Going on in National Systems?
Chapter 3. The Perspective from Europe
France. Raising Artificial Barriers against Generic Entry: The French Experience Bruno Lasserre
Germany. Patent Settlements and Drug Discount Agreements in Light of European and German Antitrust Law Heinz Goddar, Jan Bernd Nordemann & Julian Waiblinger
Greece. The Status Quo and the Future of the Balance between Patent Law and Competition Law in the Pharmaceutical Sector in Greece Ioannis Kokkoris & Alexandra Sidossis
Italy. The Intersection between Competition Law and Intellectual Property Law: The Public Enforcement Approach Followed by The ICA Filippo Arena & Roberto Chieppa
Italy. Abuse of Patent Rights and Abuse of Dominant Position: The Pfizer Case Gustavo Ghidini, Giovanni Cavani & Piera Francesca Piserà
Italy. Antitrust Assessment of Co-marketing Agreements: A Diverging Approach between EU and Italy? Mario Siragusa & Pietro Merlino
Netherlands. Follow the Dutch? Willem Hoyng & Anne-Claire Hoyng
United Kingdom. The Pharmaceutical Sector between Patent Law and Competition Law in the UK Ioannis Kokkoris
United Kingdom. IP in the Pharmaceutical Sector in the UK: Some Recent Cases Christopher Floyd
United Kingdom. Gaviscon: The Diagnosis and Treatment of Abuse of Dominance – Very Recent Changes in the Private Enforcement of Competition Rules in the UK Gerald Barling & Renella Reumerman
Chapter 4. The International Approach
Brazil. Competition Policy and Life Cycle Management: The Brazilian Experience Ana Paula Martinez
Canada. The Intersection of Canadian Competition and Intellectual Property Law: Developments in the Pharmaceutical Sector Alan Gunderson
China.The Development of China Antitrust Law and a Review of the Main Decision on the Pharmaceutical Industry Hermes Pazzaglini
India.The Interplay between Competition Law and Intellectual Prop