Although EU citizenship may appear to be a straightforward and unproblematic matter – each citizen of a Member State is a citizen of the Union – there are in fact situations in which EU citizenship status can become a thorny issue, at times even determining the outcome of a case. Because the rights automatically recognized with nationality most clearly involve the fundamental right of moving and residing freely, the case law relating freedom of movement with EU citizenship status is extensive and reaches into many areas of practice at every level.
Prompted by the declaration of 2013 as the ‘Year of Citizens’, the author of this book offers a detailed analysis of the rationales underlying the development of the EU citizenship concept, the directives and regulations that define citizen status, and the cases that have so far worked to clarify the meaning and limits of such status, all with particular attention to the obstacles that still come between the actual exercise of rights in everyday life. The multifarious issues raised include the following:
- the Charter of Fundamental Rights and the EU citizen’s status;
- changes introduced by the Treaty of Lisbon;
- limitations on Member States with regard to granting and revoking nationality;
- participation of EU citizens in the decision making processes governing the EU;
- right to recourse to the European Ombudsman;
- right of access to documents;
- registration at a host Member State’s competent public offices;
- limitations of entry due to reasons of public policy, public security, and public health;
- procedural safeguards in the case of measures limiting freedom of movement;
- the condition of migrant workers;
- restrictions to freedom of movement for ‘employment in the public sector’; and
- the condition of family members of EU citizens.
An appendix gathers legislative documents most often cited in the case law.
Closely examining the various institutions concerned, case law (Member State as well as Court of Justice), and legislative innovations, the author concentrates on identifying and overcoming those obstacles that still prevent full enjoyment of EU citizenship rights. While the clear demarcation of issues will be of especial practical value in anti-discrimination cases, legal academics and jurists will appreciate the book’s signal new contribution to a classic theme of the European Union.
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I. Citizenship of the European Union.
II. Citizenship Rights.
III. EU Citizens’ Freedom of Movement and Right to Reside.
IV. Freedom of Movement and Migrant Workers.
V. Freedom of Movement and the Family Members of EU Citizens.
Appendix of Documentation.
Index of Case-law.
Index of Authors.