Store Legal Business Method Patents, Second Edition
Business Method Patents, Second Edition

Business Method Patents, Second Edition

By Gregory A. Stobbs


Available: Ships in 3-5 Business Days
This product is available for the standing order program.
Buy Now

In a landmark decision, the Federal Circuit Court of Appeals in Signature Financial v. State Street Bank held that business methods may be patented. Recently, the US Supreme Court in Bilski v. Kappos left the door open for the availability of patents for business methods. These holdings, together with the explosive growth of electronic commerce and technology, make the business method patent an important growth area of intellectual property.

Now in a revised Looseleaf format, this completely updated Second Edition of Business Method Patents is your guide to the unique opportunities and risks in this emerging area of intellectual property law.

Business Method Patents, Second Edition is your authoritative source for expert guidance on:

  • The landmark Supreme Court decision in Bilski v. Kappos
  • USPTO view on business method patents, including an overview of BPAI rulings
  • Mechanics of the patent application
  • Prior art searches
  • Drafting claims for business method or model and e-commerce inventions
  • Drafting the complete specification
  • Drawings required for business method patents
  • Building a strategic patent portfolio
  • Litigating business method patents
  • International protection for business methods

Last Updated 05/01/2018
Update Frequency Updated annually
Product Line Wolters Kluwer Legal & Regulatory U.S.
ISBN 9780735510036
SKU 10045964-7777
Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Business Patents—The Controversy

§1.01 Drive-Thru Windows §1.02 State Street Bank Unlocks the Shackles §1.03 Judge Rich Is the Tipping Point §1.04 Business Patent Filings Explode §1.05 Business Method Patents Raise Concern §1.06 Congress Reacts to State Street Bank Decision §1.07 Some in Congress Urge Further Action §1.08 Will Business Model Patents Lead to Downfall of Civilization? §1.09 The Patent Office Pushes Back

Chapter 2. State Street Bank v. Signature Financial—Judge Rich’s Legacy

§2.01 Judge Rich's Legacy §2.02 State Street Bank Litigation in the District Court §2.03 State Street Bank Argues the Signature Claims Exalt Form Over Substance §2.04 Signature Financial Counters—Arguing that the Alappat Decision Compels a Finding that the Patent Is Valid §2.05 Special Interest Groups Attempt to Influence Outcome §2.06 Holding in State Street Bank §2.07 A Short Biography of Judge Giles S. Rich §2.08 How Would Judge Rich React to Bilski

Chapter 3. A Philosophy For Business Model Patents—The Statutory Subject Matter Issue

§3.01 Society’s DNA §3.02 Writing—the Foundational Technology §3.03 Where Did Our Concept of Statutory Subject Matter Come From? §3.04 Is a Bucket Brigade Statutory Subject Matter? §3.05 A Philosophy for Understanding Statutory Subject Matter §3.06 The Patent on a Method of Putting §3.07 Application of the Philosophy to Business Methods §3.08 Another Example to Test the Statutory Subject Matter Philosophy §3.09 Should a Patent System Reward Inventors of Low-Tech Business Inventions?

Chapter 4. Supreme Court Decisions On Statutory Subject Matter

§4.01 Precomputer Era Supreme Court Decisions §4.02 Early Computer Age Supreme Court Decisions §4.03 Supreme Court Grapples with Statutory Subject Matter — Post State Street Bank §4.04 The Supreme Court Rejects Bilski Claims but Leaves Business Method Patent Door Open §4.05 A Closer Look at Bilski’s Patent Application

Chapter 5. Federal Circuit Decisions That Shaped Business Method Patents

§5.01 Past Battles Over the Statutory Line §5.02 In re Comiskey—Some Business Methods Are Nonstatutory Abstract Ideas §5.03 In re Bilski— En Banc Federal Circuit Reconsiders Business Method Patents §5.04 Prometheus v. Mayo — Medical Diagnostic Methods Revisited After Bilski §5.05 Classen Decision Delayed on Procedural Grounds §5.06 Research Corp. v Microsoft — Functional Computer Applications Are Not Abstract Ideas §5.07 In re Ferguson Dissent Sheds Light on How Future Courts May Treat the Abstract Idea §5.08 Patenting the Organization of Data §5.09 In re Warmerdam §5.10 In re Lowry §5.11 Transforming Data §5.12 Arrhythmia v. Corazonix §5.13 AT&T v. Excel §5.14 Is There a Technological Arts Requirement? —The Current Answer Is No. §5.15 In re Nuijten Explores Whether Signal Claims Are Statutory §5.16 In re Johnston— Record Keeping Apparatus Rejected §5.17 In re Chatfield— Judge Rich Interprets Benson §5.18 In re Deutsch—Controlling Oil Refinery Plants §5.19 In re Maucorps—Optimizing Sales §5.20 Paine Webberv. Merrill Lynch—the Musmanno Patent§5.21 In re Grams—Medical Diagnostics §5.22 In re Schrader—Competitive Bidding

Chapter 6. Judicial Decisions—Before State Street Bank

§6.01 Why Study the Early Business Method Cases §6.02 Coupon Bond Tracking System—Munson v. The Mayor, Etc., of New York §6.03 Business Forms—Waring v. Johnson §6.04 Book Publishing Format—Dugan v. Gregg §6.05 Bank Account Ledgers—Thomson v. Citizens' Nat. Bank of Fargo §6.06 Insurance—United States Credit System Co. v. American Credit Indemnity Co. §6.07 Recording Deeds—Johnson et al. v. Johnston §6.08 Anti-Fraud Restaurant Menus—Benjamin Menu Card Co. v. Rand, McNally & Co. §6.09 Perforated Bookkeeping Forms—Safeguard Account Co. v. Wellington §6.10 Numbering Scheme for Insuring Against Shipping Loss—Hocke v. New York Cent. & H. R. R. Co. §6.11 Anti-Fraud Cash Registering—Hotel Security Checking Co. v. Lorraine Co. §6.12 Electronic Commerce in 1910—Berardini v. Tocci §6.13 Script for the Traveler, A New Form of Money—Rand, McNally & Co. v. Exchange Scrip-Book Co. §6.14 Commuter Transfer Tickets—Cincinnati Traction v. Pope §6.15 Anti-Mold Fruit Treatment—American Fruit Growers, Inc. v. Brogdex Company §6.16 Buying and Selling Stock—In re Wait §6.17 National System for Fire Fighting—In re Patton §6.18 Drive-in Movies—Loew's Drive-in Theatres, Inc. v. Park-in Theatres, Inc. §6.19 Converting Bank Checks into Promissory Notes—In re Wiechers §6.20 Codes for Processing Transactions at the Grocery Checkout Register—In re Howard §6.21 Performing Traffic Studies on Telephone Lines—In re Waldbaum §6.22 Distribution of Recorded Audio—In re Fox §6.23 Assigning Budget Categories to Bank Reports—In re Johnston §6.24 Assigning Priorities in Data Processing Systems—In re Chatfield §6.25 Controlling Oil Refinery Plants—In re Deutsch §6.26 Optimizing Sales—In re Maucorps §6.27 Cash Management Accounts—Paine, Webber, Jackson & Curtis, Inc. v. Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith, Inc. §6.28 Accounting Method—Ex parte Murray §6.29 Medical Diagnostics—In re Grams §6.30 Competitive Bidding—In re Schrader

Chapter 7. USPTO View On Business Method Patents and The BPAI Reporter

§7.01 USPTO §101 Guidelines—After Bilski §7.02 USPTO §101 Guidelines Before Bilski [Now Superceded] §7.03 The BPAI Reporter §7.04 Discussion of Noteworthy BPAI Cases

Chapter 8. The Origins Of Commerce

§8.01 The Internet and Money §8.02 Barter and Proto-Money §8.03 Lydians Invent Coins §8.04 Chinese Invent Coins Independently §8.05 The Greeks Spread the Lydian Invention of Money Throughout the Western World §8.06 Money Marches Throughout the Roman Empire §8.07 The Chinese Invent Paper Money and Discover Inflation §8.08 The Knights Templar Invent Banking §8.09 Italian Banking Families Exploit the Bill of Exchange §8.10 Spanish Gold Floods Europe and Bankrupts Spain §8.11 The United States Government Is Founded and Enters the Banking Business §8.12 Wildcat Bankers Scatter Coherent Banking Strategy to the Wind §8.13 The Panic of 1907 Spawns the Federal Reserve System §8.14 The Stock Market Crash of 1929 Brings Major Changes in U.S. Monetary Controls §8.15 The Bretton Woods Agreement §8.16 Nixon Pulls Out of Bretton Woods and Takes the United States Off Gold Standard §8.17 Alternate Forms of Money Are Invented

Chapter 9. The Nature Of Commerce Today

§9.01 Understanding Commerce §9.02 A Generalized Commerce Model §9.03 Fundamental E-Commerce Building Blocks §9.04 Interviewing the Inventor—Different Vantage Points for Assessing E-Commerce Business Models §9.05 Tracking the Value Flow §9.06 Examples of Electronic Commerce Innovations

Chapter 10. E-Commerce Technology

§10.01 E-Commerce Technology Building Blocks §10.02 Secure Electronic Commerce §10.03 XML—The Lingua Franca of the New Internet? §10.04 Evolution of Technology — Predicting What’s Next §10.05 Mobile Computing §10.06 Search Technology

Chapter 11. Pure Business Model Patents

§11.01 Pure Business Model Patents §11.02 Just-in-Time Production §11.03 Model for Reducing Financial Risk §11.04 Model for Improving Janitorial Services §11.05 Service Business Management System §11.06 Microsoft Marketing to Influential Rumormongers §11.07 Business Model for Strategic Management of Lawsuits §11.08 Buying and Selling Capacity in the Semiconductor Manufacturing Market §11.09 Music Popularity Rating §11.10 Mediating Purchase Transactions Over a Network §11.11 Administration of Life Insurance Business §11.12 Determining Insurance Rates Based on Geographic Location §11.13 The Never-Ending Subscription §11.14 Separating Product Pricing from Product Distribution §11.15 Upgrading Your Airline Seat §11.16 Reserving a Place in the Restroom Line §11.17 Preparing Grade School Students for Junior High §11.18 Giving Someone a Haircut §11.19 Drafting a Patent Application §11.20 Going Fashion Shopping §11.21 Swinging on a Swing §11.22 Exercising a Cat

Chapter 12. Prior Art

§12.01 The Importance of Prior Art §12.02 Patent Classification System §12.03 Patent Classification Procedures §12.04 Classification of Business-Related Patents §12.05 Conducting a Prior Art Search—Defining the Scope of Search §12.06 Internet Technology as Prior Art §12.07 Early Electronic Commerce Technology as Prior Art

Chapter 13. Claiming Business Model and E-Commerce Inventions

§13.01 Legal Requirements §13.02 Claim Drafting Process §13.03 Finding the Invention §13.04 Testing Claims for Proper Scope §13.05 Thinking Outside the Box §13.06 Claim-Drafting Templates §13.07 Drafting Statutory Process Claims §13.08 Article of Manufacture Claims §13.09 Internet Patent Claim Templates §13.10 Some Specific Examples of Internet Patents §13.11 How the Patent Office Construes Claims §13.12 How Courts Construe Issued Claims §13.13 Using Means-Plus-Function Claims for Business Inventions §13.14 Use of Means-Plus-Function Analysis to Bolster Specification

Chapter 14. Drawings For E-Commerce and Business Model Patents

§14.01 Drawings in a Patent Application §14.02 Legal Requirements for Drawings §14.03 Practical Considerations Prior to Litigation §14.04 Flowcharts §14.05 Pseudocode §14.06 Entity-Relationship Diagram §14.07 Booch Notation §14.08 Use of Object-Oriented Notation to Illustrate Business Systems §14.09 Data Flow Diagram §14.10 Representing Data Structures §14.11 Patent Drawing Checklist §14.12 Unified Modeling Language

Chapter 15. The Patent Specification

§15.01 Purpose of Specification §15.02 Statutory Requirements of Specification §15.03 Regulations Governing Specification Content §15.04 Case Law on Specification Content §15.05 Written Description Requirement §15.06 Enablement Requirement §15.07 Best Mode Requirement §15.08 Form and Style of Specification §15.09 Mechanics of Specification §15.10 Defining the E-Commerce or Business Model Invention §15.11 Describing E-Commerce Invention §15.12 Describing the Business Model Invention §15.13 Using Means-Plus-Function Analysis to Strengthen Specification §15.14 A Section 112 Checklist

Chapter 16. Litigating the Business Method Patent

§16.01 Jurisdiction Issues Involving Business Model and E-Commerce Patents §16.02 Infringement and Territorial Issues Involving Internet Patents §16.03 The Special Defense to Business Method Infringement

Chapter 17. Exploiting the Business Method and E-Commerce Patent Portfolio

§17.01 Introduction §17.02 Developing Strategic Portfolios for the Future §17.03 The Strategic Pyramid §17.04 Neutralizing a Competitor's Portfolio with Business Model Patents §17.05 Service and Flow Economy §17.06 A Systematic Approach to Portfolio Development §17.07 Portfolio Mapping Techniques

Chapter 18. International Protection for Business Methods

§18.01 How Business Method Patents Fare Throughout the World Today §18.02 European View of Business Method Patents—A Negative Reaction to State Street Bank §18.03 EPO Actions §18.04 Japanese View of Business Method Patents—A Positive Reaction to State Street Bank §18.05 Japanese Law

Appendix A— UNCITRAL Model Law on Electronic Commerce

Appendix B — Proposed Bill - Business Method Patent Improvement Act of 2000 [never enacted]

Appendix C — copy of Bilski et al. Patent application that was the subject of Bilski v. Kappos

Appendix D — copy of USPTO Director Kappos directive: Subject Matter Eligibility of Computer Readable Media. Jan 26, 2010.

Table of Cases