Illinois constitutional amendment on graduated rates heads to voters
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Tuesday, June 4, 2019

Illinois constitutional amendment on graduated rates heads to voters

By Payroll and Entitlements Editorial Staff

Voters will get to decide whether to amend the Illinois Constitution to allow for graduated personal income tax rates. The Illinois House of Representatives approved a resolution that proposes the constitutional amendment. The resolution passed on a straight party-line vote.

Why is the constitutional amendment necessary? The state constitution currently requires taxation of income at a non-graduated or flat rate. The amendment would:

  • strip out the "non-graduated rate" language; and
  • give the Illinois General Assembly power to set the rate or rates.

When will the constitutional amendment appear on the ballot? The constitutional amendment will appear on the November 2020 general election ballot. It will need approval by 60% of Illinois voters.

What's next? The resolution is only one part of Gov. J.B. Pritzker's "Fair Tax Plan". Legislation pending before the house proposes the graduated income tax rates. It also includes an increase in the corporate income tax rate.

As part of the legislation, the governor announced the formation of a property tax relief task force. It would study and make property tax relief recommendations to the governor and general assembly by the end of 2019. (SCA 1, as passed by the Illinois House of Representatives on May 27, 2019; Press Release, Office of Illinois Gov. J.B. Pritzker, May 27, 2019.)

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